Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain. People are diagnosed with epilepsy when they have had two or more seizures.
There are many types of seizures. A person with epilepsy can have more than one type of seizure.
Sometimes it is hard to tell when a person is having a seizure. A person having a seizure may seem confused or look like they are staring at something that isn’t there. Other seizures can cause a person to fall, shake, and become unaware of what’s going on around them.
Learn about different types of seizures and their signs and symptoms so you can tell when someone is having a seizure. Visit our first aid page to learn what you can do to keep that person safe until the seizure stops by itself.
1. Generalized seizures affect both sides of the brain.
The person may feel tired after a tonic-clonic seizure.
2. Focal seizures are located in just one area of the brain. These seizures are also called partial seizures.
Seizures may last as long as a few minutes.
Words that describe generalized seizures
These words are used to describe generalized seizures:
Call 911 if a Seizure Lasts More Than 5 Minutes
Not all seizures are emergencies.
Keep track of how long the seizure lasts. Call 911 if a seizure lasts more than 5 minutes or if the person gets injured during the seizure.
Learn seizure first aid to respond when a person is having a seizure.